How I Made My Heating Smart Without Damaging Or Replacing Anything — February 1, 2020

How I Made My Heating Smart Without Damaging Or Replacing Anything

I’ve previously mentioned that I wanted to upgrade my heating system so I could program it with more complex timings or control it form my phone. But there’s a catch: The house is rented, so the whole system must do no damage, be made only of removable parts and be installed without modifying any of the existing infrastructure.

In this post, I’ll talk about how I managed it, how it works and what the current state of the project is.

Background

My electric heating is controlled by a Timeguard RTS113 mechanical timer located awkwardly in a kitchen cupboard; it consists of a large outer ring that rotates once every 24 hours. On this ring, you push in red (on) or blue (off) plastic pegs (called tappets in the user manual) at the time you want the heating to turn on or off. As the peg passes a control spindle (representing the current time in the bottom right) it pushes it around approximately one eighth of a turn. Each eighth of a turn of the control spindle, toggles the heating on or off.

A second inner ring allows you to suppress the morning or afternoon schedule for a given day in the week. For example, you can have the heating come on at 6:00am and 7:00pm every day, except on Saturdays where it does not come on at 6:00am because the morning schedule is suppressed.

This works reasonably well, but it’s not very flexible – you pretty much a to live your life on the same schedule every day – if you deviate from it the heating is either wasting power while you’re out, or you’re freezing and have to reach into the cupboard to press the override button.

I’d love to have a smart thermostat such as Nest or Hive but they don’t support my electric heating and as this is a rental house, I’m not able to modify anything to support them.

What I Wanted To Do

The control spindle that is rotated by the pegs has a small slot on the top that can be turned manually using a screw driver to toggle the heating on an off. I can remove all of the pegs and use a stepper motor to very gently turn the spindle each time I want to change the heating state. I could then connect this to a controller that receives instructions from the internet, and write whatever software I wanted to run the schedule.

The Motor

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Building an eInk Info Display For My Living Room — November 3, 2019

Building an eInk Info Display For My Living Room

Like a lot of Londoners, my trip to and from work involves moving between a few different trains, any of which could be delayed and cause me to be late to work. Or worse – late home. As checked the tube status on my phone over breakfast one morning, I realised that it would be super useful to have some kind of display in my living room allowing me to see at a glance how my commute is looking before I set off, so I can go a different way if needed.

There are a few options to create a display like this – I could re-purpose a tablet or phone in the technology graveyard drawer, writing a quick and dirty app to run on it. But where would the fun in that be? Sure, it would work but I wanted to learn something along the way. I decided to use a Raspberry Pi and a display of some kind, but if its going to live in my house, it needs to be pretty.

I ordered the Primoroni Inky wHAT – an eInk display with all the headers to screw it directly onto a Raspberry PI. It even has Python library for displaying stuff. I went for the two-colour red/black model; I thought I could use the red mode to make any tube status issues stand out.

Features

As soon as I’d ordered the screen, I started thinking about what I would use it for. I came up with a few things I wanted to do:

  • Display the current tube status of the most useful tube lines
  • Display the current weather / temperature outside from DarkSky
  • Show the current indoor temperature, pulled from my Air Quality Monitor (I built this a couple of years back, I might cover it in a later post)
  • Display some kind of indication that central heating is on or off
  • Show the time

I drew this little diagram to get started:

Implementation

APIs

Ever the software engineering project, the first task was to investigate the APIs to give me the data I wanted.

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